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Nemzetközi folyóiratcikkek

Megjelent Fertő Imre és szerzőtársai új tanulmánya az Agricultural Economics cseh szakfolyóiratban

Regional trade agreements, globalization,
and global maize exports

András Bence Szerb, Arnold Csonka, Imre Fertő

Agricultural Economics
(published by the Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences)

Online first article
Received: July 5, 2022
Accepted: September 15, 2022
Published online: October 21, 2022


Abstract: Globalisation is also having a profound impact on international agricultural trade. This study examines the impact of regional trade agreements (RTAs) and globalization on international maize trade using a gravity model for the period 1996–2020.
The results show that, despite globalization, distance has a larger negative impact on bilateral maize trade than on the manufacturing sector. It appears that distance remains an important factor in explaining trade flows in commodity markets, including maize. Our findings on the role of RTAs are in line with the results of previous studies: RTAs are generally preceded by a strengthening of bilateral trade relations. There is mutually positive feedback between the level of bilateral trade and RTA membership. However, the establishment of a common RTA membership and its trade-stimulating effects are not immediately visible.

Keywords: bilateral relationships; distance puzzle; econometrics; gravity model; international trade

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Laki Mihály tanulmánya megjelent a Corvinus Journal of Sociology and Social Policy folyóiratban

Generational Change in the Society of Hungarian Large Entrepreneurs:
Expected Developments

Mihaly Laki

Corvinus Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
Vol 13, No 1 (2022)


Based on previous fieldwork research we compare two generations of owner-managers of large and medium-size Hungarian privately owned companies. Members of the first group started business after the collapse of the socialist economy in 1989–1990. This group consists mainly of “privatisers” or successful players in the secondary economy. The members of the second group are successful younger entrepreneurs who started private businesses in the first decade of the twenty-first century. Concerning their managerial skills, business strategy, and cultural-political preferences we found remarkable differences between the two groups. Description and careful analysis of these differences may help us to explore the expected behavior of the new generation of entrepreneurs. A characteristic business strategy is a mixture of conflict avoidance and soft cooperation with the government. It remains an open question whether these behavioral modifications will be sufficient for survival and development or whether the autocratic system will force further changes in business behavior.

Keywords: private entrepreneurs, generation gap, business strategy, managerial skills



Nemzetközi folyóiratcikkek 2017/4


Baráth Lajos – Bokusheva, Raushan – Fertő Imre: Demand for farm insurance under financial constraints. Eastern European Economics, Vol. 55. No. 4. 2017. pp. 357-376.

Békés Gábor, Lionel Fontagné, Muraközy Balázs, Vincent Vicard: Shipment frequency of exporters and demand uncertainty. Review of World Economics Vol. 153. No. 4. 2017. pp. 779-807.

Benedek Zsófia, Bakucs Lajos Zoltán, Jan Fałkowski, Fertő Imre: Intra-European Union trade of dairy products: insights from network analysis. Studies in Agricultural Economics Vol. 119. No. 2. 2017. pp. 91-97.

Csercsik Dávid – Kóczy Á. László: Efficiency and stability in electrical power transmission networks : a partition function form approach. Networks and Spatial Economics, Vol. 17. No. 4. 2017. pp. 1161-1184.

Fertő Imre – Szerb András Bence: The role of food crisis and trade costs in the Hungarian maize exports. Zagadnienia Ekonomiki Rolnej, Vol. 353. No. 4. 2017. pp. 110-124.

Fertő Imre: Economic crisis and the fragility of world wine export. AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Vol. 9. No. 4. 2017. pp. 25-32.

Király Júlia – Simonovits András: Mortgages denominated in domestic and foreign currencies : simple models. Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Vol. 53. No. 7. 2017. pp. 1641-1653.

Laki Mihály: Hungarian Grand Entrepreneurs in the System of National Cooperation : the Chances of Civil/Bourgeois Development after 2010 (An Extension of Research). Corvinus Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 8. No. 3. 2017. pp. 283-294.

Molnár György: Capability building combined with microcredit: the loan alone is insufficient. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship Vol. 8. No. 3. 2017. pp. 354-374.

Oblath Gábor: FDI flows and reinvested earnings: statistical measurement, perceptions and economic interpretation. Hungarian Statistical Review, Vol. 95. Spec. Iss. No. 21. 2017. pp. 48-77.

Potluka, Oto – Kálmán Judit – Musiałkowska, Ida – Idczak, Piotr: Non-profit leadership at local level : reflections from Central and Eastern Europe. Local Economy : The Journal of the Local Economy Policy Unit, Vol. 32. No. 4. 2017. pp. 297-315.

Scheiring Gábor, Stefler Dénes, Darja Irdam, Fazekas Mihály, Aytalina Azarova, Irina Kolesnikova, Köllő János, Vladimir Popov, Szelenyi Iván, Michael Marmot, Michael Murphy, Martin McKee, Martin Bobak, Lawrence King: The gendered effects of foreign investment and prolonged state ownership on mortality in Hungary: an indirect demographic, retrospective cohort study. Lancet Global Health Vol. 6. No. 1. pp. 2018. e95-e102.